NI MADE ADNYA SUASTI
SARJANA - Kedokteran
|Asal Perguruan Tinggi||Universitas Airlangga|
|Judul Karya Tulis||COMPREHENSIVE COMMUNICABLE DISEASE MAPPING: UPAYA PENGENDALIAN TRANSMISI PENYAKIT MENULAR PADA WISATAWAN DI INDONESIA|
|Topik Karya Tulis||Kesehatan Masyarakat|
|Bidang Karya Tulis||IPA|
COMMUNICABLE DISEASE MAPPING: TRANSMISSION CONTROL EFFORT OF COMMUNICABLE
FOR TRAVELERS IN
In this modern era, traveling has become a necessity. Indonesia is one of the country that has many tourism destinations. The number of foreign tourist visits to Indonesia in 2018 reached 15.81 million people (BPS, 2018). While the domestic tourism activities reached 250 million in 2014 with the acquisition of foreign exchange of 120 trillion rupiahs (Kemenpar, 2018). As a tropical region, every tourist has the risk of carrying and transmitted communicable diseases in Indonesia. Malaria remains one of the main disease, especially in some areas that are declared to be endemic, especially in Papua, West Papua and East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). (Kemenkes, 2018). In 2015, the number of TB case discoveries was 330,910 cases, mostly in Java. Indonesia is also at the level of a concentrated HIV epidemic with Papua, Java, Bali which has the highest prevalence. Tourism destination countries are responsible for developing health services that are suitable for tourists (Negara, 2008). One of the main things in the effort to prevent the transmission of communicable diseases is the dissemination of health information related to this. Until now, information that contains the potential of communicable diseases in tourist areas and efforts to anticipate the prevention of communicable diseases has never existed. Some of the information that currently available is riskesdas, epidemiological studies, WHO guidelines, and endemicity maps. But this information, still only provides information on one disease, less practical, and is not comprehensive. The author offers the idea of a Comprehensive Communicable Disease Mapping which is a comprehensive and practical breakthrough in the form of a digital map for tourists to get concise profile information on the risk of communicable diseases in their tourism destination areas, complete with practical information on prevention efforts that can be carried out, as well as accessible health facility information. The method of this paper is literature study.
Concept of Comprehensive Communicable Disease Mapping
In digital maps there are several health information related to communicable diseases which are detailed in detail as follows: a. Front / start view. There will be a map of Indonesia with a clickable location mark. b. Sequence of communicable diseases. The reader will see the order of communicable diseases in the area chosen. If the reader wants to see the profile of the disease along with other information, then he can click on the disease. Then he will see several menu, including: disease profiles, prevention strategies, health facilities. c. Disease Profile. There will be concise information on the disease which includes morbidity, mortality, incidence, transmission, risk factors, symptoms of the disease. d. Prevention Strategy. This section will explain the simple steps that can be taken to prevent the transmission of certain diseases that can be carried out before departure, when traveling, and after returning. e. Health facility. Local health facilities will also be informed, include the location of hospitals, health centers, the nearest clinic, the availability of medical personnel, medicines, and antidotes needed. This digital map will be based on Geographic Information System (GIS), which is a computer system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on Earth's surface.
Implementation of Comprehensive Communicable Disease Mapping
There are 4 main phases in implementing this program, including: 1. Preparation Phase. Collect endemic communicable disease data in Indonesia from databases of various sources such as riskesdas, epidemiological studies of scientific articles and journals, and mapping the datas. 2. Implementation Phase. Organizing information from data obtained to be displayed in the form of live mapping based on geographic information system. 3. Stage of Socialization. Disseminate information through various media. 4. Monitoring and Evaluation Phase. Providing updates on the risk of communicable diseases and prevention strategies regularly every 6 months or when incidental. Evaluation is done by giving an assessment of the stakeholders who run it.
Feasibility Analysis of Comprehensive Communicable Disease Mapping
This program has advantages are broad reach, practical, clear and simple procedures. But we still have to pay attention to periodic updates, and require times for socialization and preparation of the regulations. Based on the cost-effective analysis, the benefit of this program is way bigger than it costs.
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|2||Semifinalist||Literature Review Indonesia International (bio)Medical Students' Congress||2018||Internasional||Lihat|
|3||Semifinalist||Literature Review Hasanuddin Scientific Fair||2017||Internasional||Lihat|
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|10||Badan Pengurus Harian||Koordinator Bidang Eksternal||2019||Regional||Lihat|