SARJANA - Kehutanan (manajemen Hutan)

Asal Perguruan TinggiInstitut Pertanian Bogor
Nama ProdiKehutanan (manajemen Hutan)
Judul Karya TulisAgroforestcape: Paradigma Baru Pengembangan Agroforestri Indonesia Berbasis Teknologi Blockchain untuk Kedaulatan Pangan dan Kelestarian Lingkungan
Topik Karya TulisKedaulatan Pangan
Bidang Karya TulisIPA

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Ringkasan KTIThe population of Indonesia is predicted to increase from 258,162,000 people in 2015 to 321,551,000 people by 2050 (UN DESA, 2018). The annual population growth requires the country to fulfill the resulting increased needs, especially for food. The data from FAO et al. (2018) stated that 20.7 million Indonesians experienced starvation between 2015-2017, which led to serious threats of food sovereignty. Sustainable Development Goals 2030 gives the mandate that everyone should have adequate access to food needs (Goal 2) through sustainable agricultural production and resilience to climate change (Goal 13 and 15). Climate change is one of the factors that can affect the stability of food production. Extreme weather and increasing global temperature have a negative implication on agricultural productivity, especially on staple foods such as rice, wheat, and corn.

Food sovereignty is dependent on the availability of productive agricultural land. Research by BAPPENAS (2010) projects that agricultural land will decrease significantly in Java-Bali by 182,556 ha, Sulawesi (78,701 ha), Kalimantan (25,372 ha), Sumatera (3,170 ha), and Lombok (2,123 ha) by 2050 due to land conversion for other uses. Degradation of agricultural land and climate change impact will affect food production capacity. Meanwhile, there are more than 35.75 million hectares of ex-concession forest areas, which without proper management will lead to environmental sustainability menace (APHI, 2016).

To overcome the problems of food sovereignty and degradation of agricultural land, agroforestry is an alternative land-use option where forestry, agriculture, fishery, and livestock activities are combined. However, agroforestry systems that are currently implemented in Indonesia still face various problems with regards to their supply chains, such as uncertainty on land ownership, lack of business efficiency, expensive logistics costs, low productivity, and centralized institutions. Referring to these issues, the development of a new paradigm for Indonesia’s agroforestry based on blockchain technology is essential to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of agroforestry system. The implementation of blockchain technology will offer transparency, accountability, and data security to facilitate the process of agroforestry development.

Agroforestcape (Agroforestry Landscape) is a program based on blockchain technology to promote agroforestry in Indonesia as a solution to achieve food sovereignty and environmental sustainability targets. Agroforestcape can be implemented by using the plant composition of sengon buto, teak, lamtoro, mangrove, pepper, rice, sago, and cassava through three planting models of agroforestry systems, namely 2D (Two-Dimensional), 3D (Three-Dimensional), and 4D (Four-Dimensional). An agroforestry model of 1 million ha is predicted to be able to increase food production by 10 million tons per year compared to a traditional farming system without agroforestry and able to provide foods for 50 million people. In addition, agroforestry contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from terrestrial ecosystem where the conversion from agricultural land to agroforestry can absorb carbon three times higher for the next 20 years.

Blockchain technology for Agroforestcape program is developed to make agroforestry supply chain management more efficient and effective. Blockchain enables various stakeholders to directly exchange agroforestry data among themselves without any assistance from a third party. Farmer groups will receive real-time transactions data about their product logistics through the platform. Middleman will get live notifications from the loop regarding new contracts and increase customer engagement processes. Logistics will be able to record the supply chain tasks automatically, supervise trip mapping, and distance tracking to monitor goods distribution without using GPS (Global Positioning System).

All kinds of agroforestry activities will be digitally managed through the blockchain system and the farmer groups will easily monitor their business processes without being directly involved in the field. Apart from that, blockchain can also guarantee transparency and accountability of forestry institutions because any change of data that one actor wants to make in the system must be approved by all parties involved to guarantee the data security and prevent them from being misused. The implementation of Agroforestcape can be integrated with government programs, such as One Map Policy, Social Forestry, and Smart Village by involving community members actively in the formulation of development plan and the detailed proposal of financial budget. The development of Agroforestcape based on blockchain technology is expected to encourage the growth of agroforestry system in Indonesia towards food sovereignty and environmental sustainability targets in the future.
Prioritas Pencapaian Prestasi Tahun Tingkat
1 Juara 1 The 46th International Forestry Students’ Symposium (IFSS) 2018 Mexico 2018 Internasional Lihat
2 Juara 2 2nd International Youth Symposium on Creative Agriculture (IYCSA) 2017 Bogor, Indonesia 2017 Internasional Lihat
3 Juara 3 XV International Junior Forest Contest (IJFC) 2018 Russia 2018 Internasional Lihat
4 Official terpilih (Pembantu Umum) IFSA Liaison Officer for CIFOR (Center for International Forestry Research) 2018-2019 2018 Internasional Lihat
5 Official terpilih (Pembantu Umum) IFSA Head of Publications Sub Commission 2017-2018 / Editor-in-Chief of IFSA World Tree News 2017 Internasional Lihat
6 Juara 1 International Diplomacy Competition "The Will" ENUIMUN 2018 Kazakhstan 2018 Internasional Lihat
8 Juara 1 Taiwan Model United Nations (TWMUN) 2018 2018 Internasional Lihat
8 Juara 3 Reims International Model United Nations (RIMUN) 2019 Perancis 2019 Internasional Lihat
9 Juara 3 Ivy League Model United Nations Conference (ILMUNC) Vietnam 2018 2018 Internasional Lihat
10 Juara 1 APRIL Forestry Ambassador 2017 2017 Nasional Lihat

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