SARJANA - Teknik Industri

Asal Perguruan TinggiInstitut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember
Nama ProdiTeknik Industri
Judul Karya TulisPerancangan Sistem Reverse Supply Chain untuk Limbah Elektronik dengan Aplikasi RevME dan Algoritma Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP)
Topik Karya TulisTeknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi
Bidang Karya TulisIPA

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Ringkasan KTIIn 2016, the global amount of electronic waste (e-waste) reached 44.7 million tons and it was estimated to increase to 52.2 million tons by 2021. In Indonesia, the amount of e-waste in 2016 was 1.274 million tons or approximately 4.9 kg per capita and is predicted to increase every year. As a country that ranked 9th in the production of e-waste, the e-waste management in Indonesia is categorized as an Informal Initiative—the lowest category on the country’s e-waste assessment report. Improper management of e-waste could have adverse effects on environment and health due to the hazardous contents of e-waste. On the other hand, proper management of e-waste could bring benefits to the nation and its business entities. In 2016, the global amount of e-waste had an economic value of more than $55 billion or approximately Rp 825 trillion. However, it is estimated that only 15-20% of e-waste is recycled. Based on the current problem and potential, this study aims: (1) to design a RevME application and a VRP algorithm to facilitate the collection of e-waste; (2) to design the implementation of RevME application in gathering data of electronic products; (3) to design the business model of a reverse supply chain system for e-waste, (4) to examine the potential economic value that can be obtained from the business. This study is expected to facilitate better management of e-waste in order to generate high economic value and mitigate harmful effects on the environment and health.    

In this study, two methodologies have been carried out, namely the information search process and VRP model development. The information search process was based on a literature review of journals and articles related to e-waste, VRP algorithm, and mobile application development. Besides that, interviews were conducted with the community and experts to obtain information on the problem and possible alternatives for e-waste management. In VRP model development, the algorithm was developed using the Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem with Time-Window (CVRPTW) with a customer selection modification. The algorithm is used to process the data received from the RevME application.

Several conclusions can be derived from this study which includes: (1) RevME application works by identifying the data of consumers’ electronic waste. RevME is capable of receiving the data of weight, type, volume, specification, and the expected pickup time of e-waste. RevME also has several features to provide information on consumers’ electronic products. RevME has been integrated with VRP algorithm using CVRPTW with customer selection modification to provide the most cost-effective mechanism of e-waste collection; (2) to enhance the implementation of RevME application, data of consumers’ electronic products can be gathered during the transaction process between seller and buyer. The data can be used for various purposes even beyond the e-waste collection such as providing information on the product’s reliability, demand density at a location, life cycle of the electronic product, and market behavior; (3) the business model of reverse supply chain system for e-waste upholds the value of sustainability, flexibility, and economic value of e-waste. This business obtains revenues from e-waste sales, electronic products information sales, and cooperation with business entities; (4) the potential economic value of e-waste that can be obtained within the system is Rp 1.84 trillion per year. This value is the value of four types of e-waste, i.e. TV, cellphone, desktop PC, and laptop. The projected economic value of all types of e-waste in Indonesia reaches Rp 18 trillion per year.

The reverse supply chain system for e-waste with RevME application and VRP algorithm answers five pillars of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which includes Clean Water and Sanitation (Goal 6), Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure (Goal 9), Sustainable Cities and Communities (Goal 11), Responsible Consumption and Production (Goal 12), and Life on Land (Goal 15). Therefore, the implementation of RevME & VRP algorithm developed in this study will contribute to the attainment of several SDGs.
Prioritas Pencapaian Prestasi Tahun Tingkat
1 Juara 2 Asia Pacific Model United Nations Conference (AMUNC) 2018 2018 Internasional Lihat
2 Best Position Paper (Juara Kategori) International Student-Energy Model United Nations (SE-MUN) 2018 Internasional Lihat
3 Juara 2 Korea International Youth Olympiad (KIYO) Bidang Engineering 2018 Internasional Lihat
4 Juara 3 Korea International Youth Olympiad (KIYO) Bidang Industrial Design 2018 Internasional Lihat
5 Juara 3 Korea International Youth Olympiad (KIYO) Bidang Engineering 2018 Internasional Lihat
6 Juara 3 Design Competition for Industrial System and Environment (DESCOMFIRST) 2017 Regional Lihat
7 Juara 1 Think Efficiency 2018 Nasional Lihat
8 Juara 1 Lomba Penelitian Transportasi 2017 Nasional Lihat
9 Juara 1 Petra Business Management Competition (BMC) 2018 Nasional Lihat
10 Ketua Generasi Baru Indonesia (GenBI) Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember 2018 Propinsi Lihat

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