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RAIHAN ZAHIRAH MAULUDY RIDWAN

SARJANA - Hubungan Internasional

Asal Perguruan TinggiUniversitas Katolik Parahyangan
Nama ProdiHubungan Internasional
JenjangSARJANA
Semester6
Judul Karya TulisSustainable Development Goals No. 11 (Target 11.4): Penguatan Kerjasama Sipil-Militer dalam Melindungi Warisan Kebudayaan
Topik Karya TulisPertahanan dan Keamanan
Bidang Karya TulisIPS

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Ringkasan KTI          Amidst the precarious political circumstances domestically and internationally which conspicuously characterized by the armed conflict, pandemonium and terrorism make the cultural heritage sites become the legitimate target for the destruction and illicit trafficking. Apart from man-made disasters, natural disasters also intensively betided. For instance, the destruction of Palmyra in Syria, Ashur in Iraq, Borobudur Temple and Prambanan Temple in Indonesia. The existence of loophole in protecting cultural heritage constitutes the paucity of attention for the cultural heritage to be protected both in the scenarios of natural and man-made disasters since geographically, Indonesia is vulnerable to the natural disaster and the existence of terrorist groups make the cultural heritage potentially become the target of an attack. 

The research questions which raised by this study are:
1.    Why strengthening the civil-military cooperation in protecting the cultural heritage is crucial both in the scenarios of natural and man-made disasters?
2.    How is the mechanism for strengthening the civil-military cooperation in protecting the cultural heritage?
This study utilizes a multiple study case method. The data collection technique carried out through the study of literature, documents, mass media and electronics. The analyzing process of this study uses secondary analysis.  

              The findings show that military could be a supporting component that can provide assistance in form of logistics, manpower, transportation, the capability to reach remote areas, and well-structured chain of command which could boost the effectiveness of protection and diminish the level of damage.  Moreover, culture is the basic need and foundation of human life which can administer the power and resilience for the community. Any annihilation of the cultural heritage could weaken the human’s moral. The correlation between protection of cultural heritage and SDG 11 (target 11.4) is the cultural heritage could give values, collective identity and sense of belonging. The collective identity which bound the society could cultivate the inclusivity and sense of security due to the presence of security communities.
 The concept of peace and development could help to expound the correlation of protection of the cultural heritage and the whole SDGs. Peace is decisive for the sustainability of development because it provides a guarantee of stability that could lead to the rise of productivity. The development which achieved by countries contributes to the accomplishment of SDGs. In return, to establish peace, countries should guarantee that there is a sustainable development which could fulfill the rights and needs of people. The stability in every aspect that could prevent countries from any conflicts.

            In the case of Borobudur Temple, TNI contrived a task force to help civil in cleaning the relief and reopened the access to the temple. But there was an unclear coordination concept to facilitate the partnership between military, civil and academics in protecting the cultural heritage. Thus, this study would like to recommend the Artemis Helix which is an inter-coordination concept between government, academics, and military. There are four sectors of partnerships such as emergency plan, cultural heritage security surveillance, safety toolkit, and data inventory. In this coordination system, TNI could be involved in devising emergency plan since they possess knowledge about geography, mitigation of crisis, satellite assessment information sharing, peacekeeping forces, early warning, joint training, and devising CUSEVAC. Amidst the intention of TNI to get closer with the society as part of the agency that securing the nation, the Artemis Helix could be the flagship project of TNI to protect the cultural heritage and promote their commitment. Next, this study proposes the incorporation of protection of the cultural heritage as part of UNSC’s mandate since it is categorized as cultural terrorism. Moreover, this study proposes the establishment of Responsibility to Protect the Cultural Heritage (R2PCH).  

           In conclusion, strengthening the civil-military cooperation in protecting the cultural heritage is imperative since it could boost the effectiveness of protection and diminish the level of damage. The military could become the supporting component by providing assistance in the form of logistics, manpower, transportations, a capability to reach remote areas, and well-structured chain of command. All forms of threats such as the historical and cultural cleansing also threaten the integration of nation that should be placed as the most important national security agenda of a country. 
 
Prioritas Pencapaian Prestasi Tahun Tingkat
1 Juara 2 The Most Outstanding Delegate of UNESCO Delegate of UNESCO 2017 Internasional Lihat
2 Plenary Speaker Plenary Speaker 2018 Internasional Lihat
3 Director of UNHCR (Presiden Dewan UNHCR dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) Director of UNHCR (Presiden Dewan UNHCR dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) 2018 Internasional Lihat
4 Chair of UNESCO 2018 (Presiden Dewan UNESCO dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) Chair of UNESCO 2018 (Presiden Dewan UNESCO dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) 2018 Internasional Lihat
5 Chair of ASEAN (Presiden Dewan ASEAN dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) Chair of ASEAN (Presiden Dewan ASEAN dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) 2018 Internasional Lihat
6 Chair of SPECPOL (Presiden Dewan SPECPOL dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) Chair of SPECPOL (Presiden Dewan SPECPOL dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) 2019 Internasional Lihat
7 Chair of UNEP (Presiden Dewan UNEP dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) Chair of UNEP (Presiden Dewan UNEP dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) 2018 Internasional Lihat
8 Chair of DISEC (Presiden Dewan DISEC dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) Chair of DISEC (Presiden Dewan DISEC dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) 2019 Internasional Lihat
9 Chair of WHO (Presiden Dewan WHO dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) Chair of WHO (Presiden Dewan WHO dan Juri Internasional Kompetisi Simulasi Sidang PBB) 2019 Internasional Lihat
10 Penulis: “ASEAN Maritime Security Cooperation to Combat Piracy within Malacca Strait" Penulis: “ASEAN Maritime Security Cooperation to Combat Piracy within Malacca Strait" 2019 Internasional Lihat

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