MUHAMMAD AKBAR BAHMI
SARJANA - Akuntansi
|Asal Perguruan Tinggi||Universitas Hasanuddin|
|Judul Karya Tulis||SULAF (SUKUK LINKED WAQF): INOVASI SUKUK DAERAH MELALUI OPTIMALISASI FUNGSI TANAH WAKAF MENUJU PEMBANGUNAN DAN PEMERATAAN INFRASTRUKTUR DALAM REFLEKSI KONSEP NAWACITA JOKOWI-JK 2019|
|Topik Karya Tulis||Pemerataan Pembangunan|
|Bidang Karya Tulis||IPS|
|Ringkasan KTI||EXECUTIVE SUMMARY |
Blueprint the direction of government work in the form of vision "Nawacita" carried by Jokowi-JK at least includes nine points that will be the direction of government work during the range 2014-2019. In realizing this vision, one of the foci of the Jokowi-JK cabinet is to solve the infrastructure problem, either through optimizing the development or equitable infrastructure in various regions (work, 2016).
Nevertheless, without disregarding the goodwill of the government, it seems that Indonesia's dream to be able to accelerate into a country with a quality competitive infrastructure has not been able to be realized. World Economic Forum data in Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016 states that up to now the quality of Indonesia's infrastructure development is still far below the average of developing countries. How not, for the overall quality of infrastructure Indonesia is still comfortable to survive in the world rank 62. Furthermore, in the ASEAN region, Indonesia ranks fourth below in Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand.
Various reasons can be the cause of the priority of centralization and disqualification of the quality and quantity of infrastructure development in various regions. Nevertheless, KPPIP states that the capital factor is still a very significant variable in the problem of infrastructure development (KPPIP, 2016). Furthermore, the data is in line with the results of the study Keliat et al. (2015) who argued that the constraints of infrastructure development in Indonesia actually conical on two reasons, namely the lack of funding and land acquisition problems. Therefore, the government as the policy authority needs to immediately endeavor to end this bottleneck phenomenon.
If calculated, it is found that the potential of waqf land in Indonesia is very high. Data released by the Indonesian Waqf Board states that the number of waqf land in Indonesia reaches 268,653.67 ha spread in 366,595 locations throughout Indonesia (Waqf Indonesia Agency, 2016). Not a few also the provinces in Eastern Indonesia who have a very wide waqf land. Call it West Nusa Tenggara, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, Central Sulawesi, South Sulawesi and West Sulawesi which have waqf land with an area above the national average. The vastness of waqf land in various regions has caused Indonesia to become the country with the greatest wealth of waqf in the world (Ministry of Religious Affairs, 2015).
Observing the high potential of waqf land in Indonesia and accompanied by the high demand for financing and provision of land in the effort to develop and equitable infrastructure in various regions, the authors carry innovation in the form of SULAF (Sukuk linked Waqf). SULAF is one of the innovations that is intended to support the acceleration program of government infrastructure development through the diversification of State Sharia Securities (SBSN) instruments, especially Sukuk Daerah. SULAF is a type of Sukuk or Syariah bond instrument that produces waqf land as its underlying asset.
It seems that the government deserves to consider SULAF to be one of the prime problem solvers in overcoming the imbalance of infrastructure development between regions. Because the solution offered in this program can provide positive implications in the form of multiplier effect for infrastructure problems in Indonesia, among others:
1) Expanding potential funding sources for infrastructure development projects in various regions through SBSN / Sukuk Daerah schemes.
2) Through the program of SULAF, the land issue must have been resolved, because the infrastructure development project will be built on the waqf land in each region.
3) Through the utilization of waqf land actually make SULAF more populist based, because when the input used is grant then the determination of tariff rate of utilization of public facilities will be cheaper.
It is time for Indonesia to accelerate the potential of its waqf land in order to solve the problem of infrastructure disparity between regions. Of course, this is done so that the social essence of waqf land that is in line with the government's anti-disparity targets can really be achieved. If examined further, it appears that SULAF is not only present as an alternative source of infrastructure development financing in various regions. Moreover, SULAF is able to become a 'stepping stone' for Indonesia to realize the vision of Jaw Jokowi-JK, as a great country capable of projected equitable distribution of infrastructure.
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