DIPLOMA - Teknik Mesin

Asal Perguruan TinggiUniversitas Negeri Malang
Nama ProdiTeknik Mesin
Judul Karya TulisBAUSUKU PAWITRA GAYUH: Model Diversifikasi Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Magnet sebagai Strategi Pemerataan Energi Bersih dan Terjangkau
Topik Karya TulisEnergi Baru dan Terbarukan
Bidang Karya TulisTERAPAN

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Ringkasan KTITopic SDGs : Affordable and Clean Energy

Indonesia is the biggest fossil energy consumer in Southeast Asia, consuming energy almost likely a combination of Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. This dependency brings negative domino effects, seen in the limited number of petroleum reserves in Indonesia. To end this huge issue, saving energy is a smart way based on many assumptions. However, one cannot deny that energy consumption should be improved, mainly for two regions with electrification ratio below than 5% such as in NTT and West Papua. This is contrast to the aspiration of SDGs point-7 about clean and affordable energy.

A massive settlement strategy has been intensified as seen in the implementation of an instruction by Ministry of Mines and Energy No.114-12/39/600.2/2002, explicitly instructing all levels of PT.PLN (Persero) to conduct activities to improve efficiency, service quality, and reliability of electricity supply. The government also initiated diversification and energy conservation concept earlier to slow Indonesia into a net energy importer. Accordingly, Indonesia already has RUEN (as stipulated in Perpres 22/2017) and UU 30/2007. This law underlies the emergence of the concept of future energy intensity and tendency in coal-fired power plants (PLTU), with its supply dominance reaching 50%. In other scenarios, coal-fired power plants will increase by 59%, from 182.7 GW (basic scenario) to 289.7 GW (high scenario).

Taking into account the above challenges related to energy, it is necessary to adopt a new and renewable energy utilization policy as a source of electrical energy by considering the technical, economical, and environmental safety aspects.

Therefore, Bausuku Pawitra Gayuh (BPG), a name derived from Sanskrit which means clean and affordable energy, was designed as a model of diversification of magnetic power plant. The pioneering of BPG was done structurally and systematically pertaining to the concept of spiral development model, according to 4 implementation quadrants namely (1) object; (2) risk evaluation; (3) test and development, and (4) problem planning process. The object determination process includes brainstorming for tool concept, determination of tools and materials, and design. Next, it is done in the second quadrant to evaluate the risk by conducting design trial using Ansys software to ensure the tool performance computationally. After that, it is undertaken in the third quadrant, managing tool design and development for electrical energy production. Finally, the process was ended by arranging mass production planning.  

Based on test results, BPG can produce electrical energy independently by exploiting the potential of magnetic force eternal transmission. This is obtained from testing the thrust and speed of the magnetic rate using pitot pipes and digital balance sheet, showing that magnet has a thrust force up to 3.62 kg and speed rate reaches 11.9 cm/s. Further tests were performed to measure the torque of the generator to determine the maximum performance limits of the generator due to the accumulation of load and rotation. The torque of a 3 HP generator is 3.36 x 10-5 Nm4 where this will be the reference value to engineer the resulting magnetic spin below than that value.

Predictively, BPG operations can be done using the 10:1 provision where 10 houses will be supplied energy for their lightings by a BPG. BPG is quite applicable if it is installed in 3T regions because of its dimensions which are relatively small compared to power plants in general, allowing them to have better mobility compared to PLN's electrical installation procedures. From the applicative side, BPG can also be impactful in terms of economic implementation i.e. the low cost of installation that can press the government budget for the equal distribution of electricity consumption in Indonesia, in this case BPG is intended to 3T regions.

Mass application of BPG certainly will increase the electrification ratio of 3T regions such as Papua whose ratio is still <50% in 2017. Accordingly, it is feasible to be developed and mass produced as instruments of national development while also supporting SDGs point-7 and creating a climate of society as subjects of development. The implementation of BPG also supports the scenario of the World Climate Change Summit or UNFCCC COP21 held in 2015 in Paris to keep the world average temperature rising below 2°C without generating Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.
Prioritas Pencapaian Prestasi Tahun Tingkat
1 Paper Acceptance International Conference on Mathematics, Science, and Education (ICoMSE) 2017 2017 Internasional Lihat
2 Hak Paten Hak Kekayaan Intelektual (HKI) 2017 2017 Nasional Lihat
3 Juara 2 Pekan Ilmiah Mahasiswa Nasional (PIMNAS) 2017 2017 Nasional Lihat
4 Juara 1 Lomba Cipta Praktis Elektronika (LCPE) 2017 2017 Nasional Lihat
5 Juara 2 Lomba Gagasan dan Rancangan Kreatif (LOGRAK) 2017 2017 Nasional Lihat
6 Juara 2 Lomba Karya Cipta Teknologi (LKCT) 2016 2016 Nasional Lihat
7 Juara 2 Lomba Kreativitas Inovasi dan Teknologi (KRENOTEK) 2017 2017 Regional Lihat
8 Harapan 1 Pekan Ilmiah Mahasiswa Universitas 2016 Regional Lihat
9 Anggota Departemen Ilmiah Unit Kegiatan Mahasiwa Penulis (UKMP) 2017 2017 Regional Lihat
10 Anggota Divisi PKM Center Penalaran dan Penelitian Center (PP Center) 2017 2017 Regional Lihat

Video Ringkasan Karya Tulis Dalam Bahasa Inggris